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小片之魅:“一带一路”电影的国家叙事

2020-8-13 编辑:采编部 来源:互联网 阅读次数:
  导读:  每年上海国际电影节都好比是一次短暂的光影之旅。在笔者心中,最值得悉心品味的有两类:一类是“经典修复”电影。重温老片,不是怀旧,而是发现;一类是“一带一路”国家的电影。探索异域,不是猎奇,而是理解。尤......
  每年上海国际电影节都好比是一次短暂的光影之旅。在笔者心中,最值得悉心品味的有两类:一类是“经典修复”电影。重温老片,不是怀旧,而是发现;一类是“一带一路”国家的电影。探索异域,不是猎奇,而是理解。尤其是后者,和欧美商业大片相比,往往呈现出别样的“小片”气质:小成本、小语种和小故事,却是气象万千、色彩斑斓。

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  稀缺性:视角、场域和话语

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  ZHEIJINIAN,SHANGYINGJIEFANGYINGDEYILANGXINPIANJIUYOU10BUZHIDUO。YINGGAISHUO,YILANGDIANYINGZAIXIFANGDIANYINGJIESHANGXIGUANCHENGXIANDEZHANZHENG、YIMIN、NVXINGHEERTONGTICAI,ZHISHIYIGECEYING。BIZHEJINNIANLAIZAISHANGYINGJIESHANGKANDAODEYILANGDIANYING,YIXIANGGENGWEIFENGFU、LINGDONGHEZHENQIE。YILANGDIANYINGDE“SHIYIXIANSHIZHUYI”(DAOYANABASIYU)FENGGE,BUJINJINSHI《YICIBIELI》HE《YINGTAODEZIWEI》。TAMENDEXIESHIZHUYITIANFUYUANZIBOSIMINZUDESHIGECHUANTONG、PIPANXIANSHIDEZHENGZHIYUNDONGHEYISILANZONGJIAOYISHI,SANZHEDIAOHEERCHENG。

  LIRU,YILANGDIANYINGSHANZHANGSHINEIXUANYI,JUJIAORICHANG“CHABEILIDEFENGBAO”,ZHESHEHONGDAZHUBOFULIZAIXIAN XIANSHI。DIANYING《LANWEI》LI,ZHALIQUYIYUANGUAJIZHENZUOLANWEISHOUSHU,YINYIBAOKAGUOQI,LINSHIHEHAOYOUHUHUANSHENFEN,YINFALELIANGGEJIATINGDEWEIJI,JINERDUIQINQINGHEYOUQINGJINXINGKAOWEN;DIANYING《ANSHI》LI,YI“YOUTONGSHIFOUBEIXINGQIN”WEIXUANYI,PUCHENLEDEHEILANCHENGJIAOQINGNIANDEJINGJIKUNJING,BUTONGJIECENGZHIJIANDESHITAN、FANGBEIHEWUHUI,LIJINGPANDAOZHEDEQINGAIHEHUNLIAN。YOURU,YILANGDIANYINGANZANGYUYANYINYU,BIJIAOCHIMI“XIZHONGXI”DEJIAGOU。DIANYING《TUIXIAOYUAN》LI,WEIRAOQIZIZAIYUSHIZHONGBEIWEIXIEZHIMI,ZHANGFUZHANKAILEDUISHIHAIZHEDEDIAOCHAHEBAOFU,ZHESHELEDANGDAIYILANGZHUBOFULIZAIXIAN ZAINANQUANHEZONGJIAO、CHUANTONGJIAZHIHESHISUZHUYIZHIJIANDESILIEHETONGKU。DIANYING《MAOZIXIFA》LI,LIANGDUIQINGNIANQINGLVCANJIAJIATINGPAIDUI,HUIJIATUZHONGZAOYUJIAOTONGSHIGU,JIACHETAOYI,HUANGHUANGZHONGGEHUAIXINSHI,YIBIANKANQIUSAIZHIBO,YIBIANYINCHUFUZHAI、DUZHUHEJINQIANDENGHUATI。ZAIRU,YILANGDIANYINGGUANYONGHEISEYOUMO,MEIYOUFEIHEIJIBAIDESHANEDUILI,DABUFENWUYESHIPIN DOUSHIHUISEDE。JINNIANSHANGYINGJIESHANGSHOUYINGDE《650WAN》,ZHIMIANYILANGRIYIYANZHONGDEXIDUWENTI,TONGYANGYI“KUNJING”FANGSHIZHANKAIXUSHI,MEIYOUYAOHONGYANGDEZHENGYI。JIBIANSHANGLEJIAOXINGJIA,DADUXIAOYEBUSHISHUANGSHOUZHANXUEDEEMO,ERSHIGONGYIJIAZILIUXUE、YIMINDEJIAZHANG,SUOWEIHEIBANGYEJIUSHIJIGECHUANTONGDELINJU。JINGCHABANANHEFAGUANSHENPAN,YECHONGMANTONGSHIZHIJIANDESUANJI,JINGFEIZHIJIANDEJIANGJIAHEKONGBIANFANGDEDOUZHI。YILANGDIANYINGDUIHEIANDEQUWEIBINGBUZAIYUGOUXUEDETUANYUAN,GENGBUSHILENGXUEDEJIELU,ERSHIDAIZHETIWENDETANSUO,SHICHANGRANGNIJINTUILIANGNAN。

  多样化:题材、类型和风格

  “YIDAIYILU”GUOJIADIANYINGDEDUTEMEILIZAIYUDUOYANGXING。3NIANQIAN,JUGUONEIJIGOUYIXIANGDUIYANXIANGUOJIADIANYINGCHANLIANGDETONGJI,SICHOUZHILUYANXIANYINDU、YILANGHEHANGUODENG11GEZHUYAOGUOJIADEDIANYINGZONGPIAOFANGJIN140YIMEIYUAN,ZHANQUANQIUDIANYINGPIAOFANG35%YISHANG,ZAISHIJIEDIANYINGBANTUSHANGZHANJUZHONGYAOYIXI。

  YAZHOUDIANYINGSHI“YIDAIYILU”GUOJIAZHONGDIANYINGZENGZHANGZUIKUAIDE,ERQIETICAISHIFENFENGFU。SHANGYINGJIESHANG,WOMENBUJINNENGKANDAORIBEN、HANGUO、YINDUDENGCHUANTONGDIANYINGDAGUODESHANGYELEIXINGPIAN,YENENGKANDAOTUERQI、TAIGUO、YINNI、MALAIXIYAHEYUENANDENGGUODEXIAOYUZHONGYISHUDIANYING,SHENZHIHAINENGYIDUMIANDIAN、JIANPUZHAI、HASAKESITANHEFEILVBINDENGGUODEJISHIXINGDUANPIAN,TICAISHEJIZHANZHENG、ZONGJIAO、LISHI、SHENHUA、ZHENGZHIHEMINZUDENG,GUSHIHANGAIDANGXIAZHUBOFULIZAIXIAN SHENGHUO、JINGJIFAZHAN、ZAIXIANDIANSHIZHIBO CHONGTUDENGFANGFANGMIANMIAN。

  GENGZHONGYAODESHI,“YIDAIYILU”GUOJIADIANYINGBAOCHIZHEBENTUHUADEXUSHUFENGGE,XINGCHENGLEGEZIDEYINGXIANGFENGGE,QINONGLIEDEMINZUZAIXIANDIANSHIZHIBO TEXING、JIJUDIYUFENGQINGDEYINGXIANGSHUXIE,YIJILEIXINGHUACHUANGZUODEMEIXUECHENGXIAN,ZAIYINMUSHANGGOUZHULEGEZIDE“WANGGUO”。RIBENDIANYINGZAISHANGYINGJIESHANGYONGYOUSHULIANGZUIDUODEFENSIQUN,SHANZHANGDUIXIAOSHUO、MANHUA、JUJIYIJIZHIMINGIPDEDIANYINGGAIBIANHEMINGXINGOUXIANGDEDAZAO,HANGAIFANZUITUILI、XIAOYUANAIQING、MAOXIAN、REXUELIZHIDENGDUOZHONGXIANDAISHENGHUOTICAI,CHENGWEIYINLINGYAZHOULIUXINGZAIXIANDIANSHIZHIBO DEXIANFENG;HANGUODIANYINGZAISHANGYELEIXINGPIANDEWAJUEFANGMIANJIJUMINZUTESE,DADAOZHENGZHISHIJIAN,XIAODAOJIETOUFANZUI,DOUNENGYONGYINGXIANGGOULECHUYIFUFUSHIHUI,KAOWENRENXINGHEZHUBOFULIZAIXIAN ;TAIGUODIANYINGRIYISHOUDAOQUANQIUGUANZHUDEZHUYAOYUANYINSHIBENTUHUADECHENGGONG,RONGHEFOJIAOZAIXIANDIANSHIZHIBO JUYOUMINZUSECAIDEKONGBUPIAN、JIQUZHONGGUOXIANGGANGWUDAPIANJINGYANRONGHECHUANTONGTAIQUANTESEDEGONGFUPIAN、BUZOUBEIQINGLUXIANLIZUGAOXIAOHEWENQINGDEAIQINGPIAN,CHENGWEITAIGUODIANYINGDEMINGPIAN;YINDUDIANYINGDUIMINZUXINGDEJIANSHOU,TIXIANZAIXIANSHIZHUYIDECHUANGZUOCHUANTONGHEXIANSHUDEXUSHINENGLI,TAMENDEDIANYINGJINTIEZHUBOFULIZAIXIAN XIANSHI,ZHUTIDADANCHUJISHIBI,SHANZHANGYONGHAOLAIWUDEXIJUSHOUFA,BIAOXIAN“DAXIANGZHIWU”。

  CIWAI,HAIYOUBAOCHIZHEWENXUECHUANTONG,SHANZHANGBAXIJUHEZHEXUESIXIANGJIEHEDEELUOSI—DONGOUDIANYING;SUZHUGANGUAN,ZAI“HUNZADUOYUANDEHEXIE”ZHUTIXIA,YONGJIANDANSHITINGYUYANGOULEREDAISHENGHUOFENGMAOHEHOUZHIMINDOUSHIZAIXIANDIANSHIZHIBO DEDONGNANYADIANYING;SHENSHOUMOHUANXIANSHIZHUYIFENGGEYINGXIANG,QIANGDIAOZHUGUANZHENSHI、CHONGMANSHIYANSECAIDELAMEIGUOJIADIANYING;PINGJIEZHIPODEQINGGANHEZHENCHENGDETAIDUYINQIRENMENZHUYIDEZHONGYAGUOJIADIANYING,DENGDENG。YEXU,DIANYINGDAILAIDEJINGXIHEQUWEIJIUZAIYUCI,MEIYOUDIANYINGGONGYE,BUHUILEIXINGXUSHI,BINGBUFANGAIDIANYINGDEQUANQIUCHUANBO,XIAOPIANSUODAILAIDECHAYIHUADEGUANYINGTIYAN,SHIDIANYINGJIEZUIYOUJIAZHIDESHUNJIAN。

咪咕视频  YIYINDUDIANYINGWEILI,RUGUOMEIYOUDIANYINGJIE,WOMENDUITADEGANZHI,HUOXURUTONG“MANGRENMOXIANG”。YINDUDEZHIPIANGONGSIFENWEIBEIYINDUHENANYINDULIANGTAOTIXI,ERGUONEIGUANZHONGKANDAODEDADUOSHILAIZIBEIYINDUDEYINDIYUDIANYING。SHANGYINGJIESHANG,WOMENYOUJIHUIJIECHUDAOFENGZIJIONGYIDENANYINDUDIANYING。《KONGJU》GUSHIJIANGSHUYIWEITUIWUJUNRENBEIPAIWANGXIAOCUNDANRENSHUISHANGYOUCHA,FUZEJIJUNRENJIASHUSONGBUZHUJIN。ERZHANBAOFAHOU,SUIZHANSHIJINZHAN,TADESHENFENCONGSONGQIANZHIRENBIANCHENGLEBAOSANGZHINIAO,CUNMINSHIZHIWEIWENSHEN。ZHEISHIYIBUJINGSHUISHENLIUDEJINGSONGPIAN,MEIYOURENHEQIANGPAOSHENG,QUEBAZHANZHENGDEKONGJUXUANRANZHIJI,QUANPIANHEIBAISHEYING,ZAINANYINDUSHUIXIANGDEMIMENGWUSEZHONG,SIWANGTONGZHISHUZHECHENGDEZHICHUANSUIZHELIANYIJIUJIUHUIDANG。YINDUDIANYINGYOU41GEYUZHONG,ZHEISHILAIZIKALALABANGKEQINDEMALAYALAMUYUBANDEDIANYING,JIANG“ERZHAN”ZHUANGZAIYOUBAOLI,RUCISHIYIDIBIAODAFANZHAN,ZUYIRANGRENGANTANYINDUDIANYINGDEFUZADUOYUANHESHENBUKECE。

  共通点:价值观、情感和在线电视直播

咪咕视频  “YIDAIYILU”DIANYINGDEJIAOLIUJIAZHIZAIYUCHAYIXING。2015NIANYILAI,SHANGYINGJIEXIANGJICHENGLI“YIDAIYILU”DIANYINGJIELIANMENG、SHELI“YIDAIYILU”DIANYINGZHOU,TUICHUZHONGWAIHEPAIPIANXIANGMU,CUJINLEZUOPIN、RENHEZIJINZAIQUYUNEIDEYAOSULIUDONG。DIANYINGJIAOLIUZOUSHENZOUSHI,XUYAOGENGDUODE“YINJINLAI”HE“ZOUCHUQU”,XUYAOGENGHAODIZUNZHONGZAIXIANDIANSHIZHIBO CHAYI,XIFENQUYUSHICHANG,CUJINGOUTONGHEZUO。

  SHANGYINGJIEYESHIYIMIANJINGZI,ZHESHEQUANQIUDIANYINGZAIXIANDIANSHIZHIBO DECHAYI。LAIZIDUI“YIDAIYILU”GUOJIADIANYINGDEDIAOYANBIAOMING,BUTONGQUYUDUIDIANYINGLEIXINGXUQIUGEBUXIANGTONG。GONGFUPIANZAIZHONGDONGOU、XIYABEIFEISHOUHUANYINGCHENGDUZUIGAO,JUQINGPIANZAIDONGNANYAZUISHOUXIAI,JILUPIANZAIXIYAHEBEIFEIZUISHOUHUANYING,KONGBUPIANZAIDONGBEIYAXIANGDUISHOUHUANYING,XIJUPIAN、ZONGJIAOPIANZAINANYAZUISHOUHUANYING。WEILAI,ZHONGGUODIANYINGDESHENGCHANZHIZUOYINGGAIJIANLIZAIDUIQUANQIUQUYUZAIXIANDIANSHIZHIBO ZUGOULIJIEDEJICHUZHISHANG,XUNZHAOGEGUOZAIXIANDIANSHIZHIBO ZHIJIANDEHUTONGXING,SHULIQUANQIUHUADECHUANBOSHIYE。

  DIANYINGJIEBUJINZHANSHIZUOPINHEFENGMAO,GENGZHONGYAODESHIFENXIANGSIXIANG。ZONGGUANJINNIANSHANGYINGJIE,ZUISHOUHUANYINGDEDIANYINGDOUYOUYIGETEZHI:DUIJIATINGJIAZHIGUANDERENTONG。LIRU,HUOJINJUEJIANGDEYILANGDIANYING《MENGZHICHENGBAO》,ZHUTIJIUSHIQINQINGLUNLI,JIANGSHUYIGEQUEXI3NIANDEFUQINYUZINVZHONGJIANQINQINGDEGUSHI;ZAIHUASHOUYINGDEDIYIBULIBANENDIANYING《HEYIWEIJIA》,JUJIAOZHANLUANXIADEBEILUTEPINMINKU,ZHANSHILE12SUILIULANGNANHAISHENGERWEIRENQUEWUYIWEIJIADEHUANGDANJINGYU,BIAODALEDUIJIADEMENGXIANGHEAIDEKEWANG;ZAIHUSHOUYINGDERIBENDIANYING《XIAOTOUJIAZU》TONGYANGYIDICENGSHIJIAO,TANTAOCHENGSHIBIANYUANRENQUNSUOJIANLIDEFEIXUEYUANGUANXIDEJIATINGQINQING。CONGFANHUADEDONGYADOUSHIDAOPOBAIDEZHONGDONGFEIXU,“YIDAIYILU”SHANG,SUICHUKEJIANDESHIDUIJIADEXINYANGDESHOUHU,BAOHANZHEZEREN、QINQINGHEZHIXUDECHUANTONGLUNLI。

咪咕视频  DIANYINGDEZAIXIANDIANSHIZHIBO GOUTONGBUSHIYILAIYUYAN,ERSHIKAOQINGGAN。XIANGJIAOHAOLAIWUDEDAPIANJUZHI,“YIDAIYILU”DIANYINGYIXIAOWEIMEI,XUSHISHOUFANEILIAN,QINGGANCHENGXIANSHENCHEN,XIANGXIAODIAOYIYANGYOUMEIERBEISHANG。JINNIAN,YILANGDIANYING《NAJIBEI》JIANGSHULESHENWEIQIANCHENGJIAOTUDELIUXUNLAOTAI,WEISHENGHUOSUOPO,XUNQIUJINJIANYUYANGLAO,ZAISHISHIFANZUIXINGWEIQIANDEZHONGZHONGPAIHUAI,PAIHUAIYUXINYANGDENEIXINCHONGTU,ZHEISHIYUANZIZONGJIAODEQINGGAN。QIANNIAN,HASAKESITANDIANYING《GUANGYINGSHOUHUZHE》JIANGSHULEYIWEISULIANSHIBINGZAIERZHANJIESHUHOUCHENGWEIDIANYINGFANGYINGSHIDEGUSHI,TACHANGNIANZAIPIANPICUNLUOLIXUNHUIFANGYINGDIANYING,ZAIDANGDIRENXINMUZHONG,TAJIUSHIYINGXIONG。ZHEISHILAIZIGONGZUODEQINGGAN。TUERQIDIANYING《HUDIE》,JIANGSHUGANQINGSHULIDESANXIONGMEIWEIFUQINSONGZANGTASHANGHUIXIANGZHILU,ZAILVTUZHONGZHONGSHITONGNIANJIYI,ZHONGWENSHAONIANQINQING。ZHEISHILAIZITONGNIANDEQINGGAN。ZHEIXIEXIAOPIANZHISUOYIRANGWOMENCHANSHENGXINLINGGONGZHEN,HAISHIRENXINGDEXIANGTONGHERENLEIDEGONGQING。

  DIANYINGDEHEZUOYEBUZHIYUZUOPINBENSHEN,ERSHIZAIXIANDIANSHIZHIBO DEGONGXIANG。SHANGHAIGUOJIDIANYINGJIEDINGWEI“LIZUYAZHOU、GUANZHUHUAYU、FUCHIXINREN”,WOMENKANDAO,“YIDAIYILU”GUOJIAZHONG,ZAIXIANDIANSHIZHIBO SHANGDETONGYUANTONGZHISHIGOUJIANHEZUOGONGTONGTIDEJICHU。LIRU,TONGZAIRUJIAZAIXIANDIANSHIZHIBO QUANDEZHONGRIHANHEDONGNANYAGUOJIADIANYING,WULUNZAISHENGCHANDUAN,HAISHICHUANBODUAN,HUAYUDIANYINGWEILAIDOUDAYOUKEWEI。DANGNIANZHONGGUOXIANGGANGSHANGYELEIXINGPIANYIJINGZUOLEZOUCHUQUDESHIFAN。PINGJIEZHEIXIEYOUSHI,ZHONGGUONEIDIDIANYINGYINGCHONGFENLIYONGSHANGSHUYOUSHIGENGHAODIJINXINGTUIGUANG,HEGENGDUODEYAZHOUGUOJIAJINXINGHEZUO。

咪咕视频  JINNIANSHANGYINGJIESHANG,XINJIAPODIANYING《REDAIYU》QINGXINJUANYONG,DAIBIAOLEHUAYUDIANYINGZAIMALAIBANDAODEXINGAODU,DAOYANCHENZHEYIDUIKUAZAIXIANDIANSHIZHIBO TICAIDEQUANSHIGONGLISHENHOU。AIWUXIAQUESHIYUDELAOREN,HUAWENCHAQUEXIHUANCHENGLONGDESHAONIAN,JIAOMUYUQUEWUFAHUAIYUNDENVJIAOSHI,JICHANGXIJIUJIANGZAIXIANDIANSHIZHIBO DEKUNJINGHECHUANCHENGZHUTIROUJINLEGUANZHONGXINLI。YUSHUIHELIULIANFENBIEYINYUYUWANGZHICHAOHEJINJIZHILIAN,FUQINJIAOSEDEQUEWEI,YUYIZAIXIANDIANSHIZHIBO DUANLIE。YIBUBIAOZHUNYIYIDENANGUOXIAOPIAN,YIGEPUTONGDENVXINGSHIJIAO,JIANGXINJIAPOZHUBOFULIZAIXIAN CUNZAIDEHUAWENZAIXIANCHENGRENSHIPIN QUESHI、NVXINGSHENFENRENTONG、ZHONGNIANHUNYINWEIJIDENGWENTIYONGXINIDEJINGTOUYUYANWEIWEIDAOLAI。YINGGAISHUO,YIXINJIAPOHEMALAIXIYAWEIDAIBIAODEDONGNANYAHUAYUDIANYINGFUCHUSHUIMIAN,BINGFEIOURAN。GUOQU,ZAIGUOJIDIANYINGJIESHANG,HUAYUDIANYINGYIDUSHIYIZHANXIANXIFANGXIANGXIANGZHONGDEDONGFANGLAIHUODESHIJIERENKE,RUJIN,XIFANGYAOGENGDUOJIEDONGFANGDEYANJINGSHENSHIZIWO。ZAIXIANDIANSHIZHIBO SHANGDEKAIFANG、BAORONGHEZIXIN,RANGDIANYINGCHENGWEIGOUTONGMINGPIAN,RANGGEGEGUOJIADEGUANZHONGZOUXIANGBICI,HUXIANGLIJIE。


BENWENGUANJIANCI:

咪咕视频WENZHANGCHUZI:HULIANWANG,WENZHONGNEIRONGHEGUANDIANBUDAIBIAOBENWANGZHANLICHANG,RUYOUQINQUAN,QINGNINGAOZHI,WOMENJIANGJISHICHULI。

 
 

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